Chinese mountain deeply attracted me, like lovers do. of course, it also attracted the world mountain climber. mountaineering enthusiasts to miles came to china, to see the elegant demeanors have climbed mount hua, its attitude is really beautiful. however, i boarded the mount hua, i fell in love with it. is like a fairy, quietly standing there, intoxicated. it has a long time, there is a moving story of history. mount hua is the best in all the land of the mountain. mount hua year-round wind around the clouds, as it’s added a touch of mystery. when you are in mount hua, like a fairyland. next, i will fully introduce the scenery of the mount hua.
the steepest sacred mountain in central china, with the yellow river to the north and the qinling mountain range at the back to the south, the mount hua is located 120 kilometers (75 miles) east of the city of xian. traditionally called the west mountain, it is well known for steep trails, breath-taking cliffs, narrow passages, and grand sceneries. mount hua in ancient times for its five main peaks shaped much like a flower. it is said to be the most precipitous mountain in the world.
the trails through mount hua are particularly challenging. there are more than 210 narrow pathways planked over or chiseled in cliffs, the most famous being the sky ladder, the gray dragon peak, the thousand stairs, the clouds ladder. the most adventurous scenic spots are the sparrow hawk flipping, and the long sky pathway, which are at the top of cliffs.
historically, the mount hua has been close to the early centers of chinese civilization. legendary kings of china such as huang di, yao, and shun all paid visits to the hua. dozens of emperors of the qin, han, and tang dynasties used to hold sacred rituals here. for thousands of years, buddhist and taoist monks and pilgrims have traveled here, established monasteries, and practiced alchemy in the mount hua. today there are more than 20 taoist monasteries, the most famous being the jade spring temple and the east tao temple.
a visit to the mount hua takes two days from xian, and is truly unique and worthwhile especially if you are capable physically and adventurous spiritually. from the supreme summit of mount hua, you can see the yellow river and the land that is the cradle of early chinese civilization. the view of 36 mystical pinnacles veiled in clouds, the spectacular sunset and suise, natures grandest scenery, and the challenge that will humble any human being – all of
those will make your journey to mount hua a truly remarkable event. next, i will introduce the two main scenic spots of mount hua.
the yuquan garden
the yuquan garden (jade spring garden) is located at the entrance of the valley on the hillside north of mount hua. it is the starting point to go to the top. inside the garden there is a cool, sweet spring; hence its name “jade spring garden”. the spring is said to come from an underground flow that runs from the jade well in the zhenyue temple. the old pines border the winding paths, and give deep shade. legend has it that chen tuan, a hermit in the five dynasty period (907-960), built the gardens, terraces, towers and pavilions. restoration was carried out during emperor qian long’s reign in the qing dynasty, which makes the whole garden look nice and beautiful today. the stone tablets are inscribed with valuable calligraphy.
the qingke terrace
the path, from the jade spring garden to qingke terrace, is about ten kilometers in length. this zigzag path is flanked by steep cliffs and paved with stone slabs. halfway up this winding path, you will feel exhausted and want to turn back before the actual climb begins. when you arrive at the qingke terrace, the ravine path comes to an end and a beautiful view suddenly makes it all worthwhile. here you can take a short break and look around dongdao and tongxian temple. another steep climb from the qingke terrace is ahead of you.
it has five main peaks, the south peak (landing wild goose peak), the west peak (lotus flower peak), the east peak (facing sun peak), the middle peak (pure girl peak) and the north peak (yenta peak), and each of them has its peculiar scene and moving legend.
the south peak (landing wild goose peak)
of the five main peaks, the south peak, which was named the landing wild goose peak is the highest at 2,160 meters, it is also the highest peak of the five sacred mountains. when traveling to the top of the peak, you will feel that you can touch the stars in the sky. the summit of the south peak is the highest point in the sacred mountains and climbers consider it an honor to make it to the peak.
the east peak (facing sun peak)
the east peak, also called facing sun peak is like a platform available for visitors to view the sun rising. in ancient times the path to the top was full of hardships and danger, but recently
steps were built making it comparatively easy to reach the top.
the north peak (cloudy terrace peak)
the north peak is also called the cloudy terrace peak. as you continue your way from qingke terrace, you will soon pass a huge rock named “turn back”, and you will find yourself at the bottom of the distance, you can get a misty view of the central shannxi plain, and suddenly you will feel completely relaxed and happy.
thanks to the safety and protection measures already taken, mount hua is now becoming more accessible to visitors both local and foreign, with the aid of cable cars.
the central peak (jade lady peak)
the central peak is called the jade lady peak. legend has it that nong yu, the daughter of king mu of the spring and autumn period, was so moved by the music which xiao shi, a hermit, played on a vertical bamboo flute, that she gave up living a happy and luxurious palace life, and together with xiao shi, flew here on the backs of a dragon and a phoenix and lived in seclusion. the jade lady’s cave, the wash basin, the stone dressing table and the phoenix pavilion are what we can see there today.
the west peak (lotus flower peak)
because of a huge lotus flower-shaped rock which stands in front of the cuiyun temple (jade green cloudy terrace temple) at the top, the west peak is known as lotus flower peak. its sheer steepness best exemplifies the characteristics of mount hua. li bai, a tang-dynasty poet, once wrote a few lines to eulogize the mountain:
oh, what a mountain, so lofty and steep!
the huanghe river, like a silk thread,
full of vitality is the mountain,
above a terrace of clouds, as though,
the white emperor’s spirit descended.
in according with the fairy tale “lotus lantern”, the west peak is the place where litter chen xiang, son of the holly mother iii, split the mountain to rescue his mother. close to cui yun temple lies a huge rock which seems to have been split into two with an axe; hence its name “split rock with an axe”. not far off stands a long-handled axe which is said to have been used by this filial son. at the top of the peak lies another prominent rock. it is called the star-picking
rock. the northern side of the park is characterized by perpendicular cliffs of great height. it is known as life-abandoning cliff. hawks soar here and there, and clouds and mist drift above the peak. looking far into the thousand-foot precipice, this precipice is cut into the face of a nearly perpendicular cliff. the steps there are only toeholds, and you will have to grasp iron chains for a cave. a large sheet of iron could well block your way completely, if it were places there. to put it vividly, if one man were guarding the pass at this point, 1,000 people would be able to get though. after the hundred-foot crevice, you ascend to laojun’s furrow. it is also cut into the cliff. you will feel that the furrow must be ascending right up into the sky. nearly 500 steps are hewn up from the bottom part of the furrow. legend has it that lao zi, the founder of taoism, once drove his ox to this place and ploughed the furrow in only one night. at the end of the furrow, he is said to have hung his plough. by and by you will finally reach the north peak. it is the only access to the other four peaks. the north peak has only one hill that leads to the south with three sides disconnected with anywhere, and it is fairly steep. here again, you can see a few lonely temples.
mount hua is one of the china nine grand view of suise. mount hua taoism holy land is the fourth hole. mount hua has many famous plants, mount hua pine resin, cut tree trunk. the seed oil is edible. and you can eat it. foliage is aromatic oil refining