Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Site Museum(Terra-cotta Warriors Museum) is one that is specialized in relic display. The main object exhibited here are the terra-cotta figures of more than 2000 years old. These figures stand for the garrison force that protects Emperor Qinshihuang’s mausoleum.
It is already known that the mausoleum consists of two sections, an inner city and an out city, both rectangular in shape. The tomb lies in the southern part of the inner city. Originally, the tomb was 115m high. After over 2000 years weathering, the mausoleum today still remains more than 70m in height. Approximately 500 satellite tombs and pits have been discovered in the vicinity of the mausoleum.
The burial pits of the Terra-cotta Warriors and horses are located about 1.5km east of Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum. In march 1974, local farmers discovered broken pieces of Terra-cotta figures when digging a well. After a year of investigation and excavation, the archaeological team unearthed a large pit , in which approximately 6000 Terra-cotta Warriors and horses were discovered. Following this discovery, in the summer of 1976, they found two other pits. According to the sequence of the discoveries, those pits were named Pit 1, Pit 2 and pit 3 respectively. The Terra-cotta Warriors and horses are all life-sized, and the warriors carry real bronze battle weapons. Orderly arrayed in rows and lines, these figures of warriors and horses make up a great underground army consisting of war chariots, infantrymen, cavalrymen and other armed servicemen. This amazing discovery caused an immediate stir among Chinese archaeologists and soon attracted the attention of the world. People called this find “one of the world wonders” and “one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of the twentieth century.
Covering an area of 56.25sq.km, it took 37 years and around 720,000 labors to build Emperor’s mausoleum, standing as the grandest with the richest burial objects among all the imperial tombs throughout Chinese history. It mainly consists of subterranean palace, city walls and gates, various burial objects, burial pits, and all kinds of affiliated architectures. The whole mausoleum was well designed and rich in burial objects. The layout of tomb and arrangement for the ritual facilities, both traditional and innovative, has a far-reaching impact on the imperial mausoleums of subsequent dynasties.
At present, there are already 149 burial pits, 196 burial tombs have been discovered, including the Bronze Chariots pit, the Rare Birds pits, the Barns pits in small and large scales, the Stone Armor pit, the Warriors and Horses pits and other sacrificial pits. All those together build a massive treasure house. On March 4th 1961, the State Council declared Emperor Qinshihuang’s mausoleum a major historical and culture sites protected at the national level, one of the first sited in the country. The mausoleum including the pits of Terra-cotta Warriors and Horses was listed as one of the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Site on December 7th 1987.
- 1.Ticket Price：
- 120 yuan/person.
With only one ticket,visitors can visit the whole museum.
- 2.Buying Tickets：
- 3.Entering Time：
- March 1th – November 30th 8:30-17:00
December 1th – February 28th 8:30-16:30
- 1.Tickets must be kept clean. After admission, please continue to save the tickets for the later check.
2.The ticket is valid on the day, all will not be refunded.
3.Contact us ：029-81399127（ticketing） 029-81399047（interpretation service） 029-81399170（complaint）
- Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Site Museum